Danger of Gestational Diabetes to Mother and Child

Some of the babies can be lost in the womb or during birth due to the increase in sugar during pregnancy. After childbirth, babies due to diabetes
25% and 33.3% of mothers can have diabetes. Therefore, the sugar levels of the expectant mothers need to be controlled.

The level of sugar in the mother also affects the baby

It should not be confused with diabetes that occurs before pregnancy with diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. Some hormonal changes occur in the body in order to provide the necessary blood sugar for the baby during pregnancy. The sugar level of the expectant mother is important for the growth and development of the baby. Since the increase in sugar level is higher in some pregnant women, negative results may occur. The high level of sugar in the body also affects the baby in the womb and causes the baby’s blood sugar to rise. That is, the high sugar level stimulates the baby’s pancreas and causes more insulin secretion.

On the other hand, since the pregnancy sugar occurs in later weeks, the baby’s organs are not observed in the first 12 weeks.

Gestational sugar can cause many health problems …
Disproportionate and unfavorable weight gain may occur in the shoulder areas of the babies due to pregnancy sugar which cannot be determined because the test is not performed. This situation decreases the chance of the mother to give birth and causes babies to be born as a result of cesarean section. Problems such as shoulder dislocation and paralysis of the arm nerves may also occur due to excess weight.

  • Another negative aspect of pregnancy sugar is that it causes excess water in the baby’s womb. This negativity decreases the chances of normal birth.
  • Because of the high blood pressure caused by gestational sugar, it causes pregnancy poisoning (preeclampsia), preterm births can occur.

Even if pregnancy is not observed, some babies have problems due to gestational sugar after birth. Since the baby’s pancreas exposed to high blood sugar in the womb will have more insulin synthesis for a while, sudden drops in the baby’s blood sugars can be observed.

Blood glucose should be measured during pregnancy!

Blood sugar in the body should be checked regularly during pregnancy. After the sugar loading test during pregnancy, suitable diet programs should be given to the mothers whose sugar levels are high. Thus, the risks regarding the health of the unborn baby will be minimized. If the desired values ​​are not achieved despite the diet, it is appropriate to start insulin therapy. It is extremely safe to apply insulin therapy in pregnancy. In the researches, it has been determined that sugar medicines produced as tablets are safe. The sugar consumed in the sugar loading test does not harm the baby and the mother.

If you have gestational sugar, you may have diabetes in the future

Candidates who have gestational sugar have a high risk of developing diabetes after pregnancy. The results of the diabetes loading test can be high in women over 25 years old, overweight, with a mother and father with diabetes and women with a history of giving birth to 4 kilos before. After the test, pregnant women with high diabetes should repeat the test approximately 1 month after birth and see if there is a permanent diabetes disease accordingly.

If the sugar level is normal, the test should be repeated every 2 years. If the expectant mother has insulin-related diabetes (TYPE 1) before pregnancy, the treatment should be intensified and given insulin frequently. If the mother-to-be has non-insulin dependent (TYPE 2) diabetes, oral medications should be discontinued and appropriate insulin therapy should be initiated.

Jake Eloman

Hello there. I'm on the GMSPORS Editorial team and one of the SEO support staff. I am one of the GMSPORS employees in the preparation and research of many content.

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