After Billie Eilish‘s Tics Review Revealed She Has Tourette Syndrome After Appearing On The Internet, it became a curiosity about what Tourette Syndrome is. She explains how the famous singer’s having Tourette syndrome affected her life.
Billie Eilish and Tourette
The American vocalist Billie Eilish as of late addressed her fans about having battled with Tourette’s disorder since she was a kid. She’d recently tried not to open up to the world about her analysis as she said she would not like to be described by her condition.
Billie Eilish has confirmed that she has Tourette Syndrome and is determined to have this problem as a child.
The 19-year-old artist took to Instagram to put any misinformation to rest after accumulation recordings of her spasms started to surface on the web. Tourette Syndrome is a neurological problem that makes an individual have compulsory physical or verbal spasms. For Eilish’s situation, she shows actual spasms, not verbal.
“I’ve never mentioned [my Tourette Syndrome] on the internet because nobody thinks I’m deadass,” Eilish wrote on her Instagram story. “As well as the fact I’ve just never wanted people to think of tourettes every time they think of me.”
What is Tourette syndrome? What are the symptoms and treatment methods?
Tourette’s syndrome is a neurological disease that starts in childhood and is expressed as tics that occur involuntarily and consist of constantly repeating sudden movements or voices. Tourette syndrome was first described by the French doctor Gerard Gilles de La Tourette in 1985. It is also known as incontinence, sudden shouting and tic disease among the people.
The cause of Tourette’s syndrome is not yet fully known. It is thought to be caused by a neurochemical disorder in the part of the brain called the basal ganglia where motor movements are regulated.
Studies have shown that the disease is inherited. The child of an individual with Tourette syndrome has 50% of the disease. Tourette syndrome occurs in 5-15% of first-degree relatives of patients.
In DNA research, it has been discovered that not a single gene but many genes are effective in the emergence of the disease. In addition to genetic factors, it has been observed that situations that cause stress also trigger tics. Exam anxiety; It increases the severity and number of fatigue, excitement, panic, tics. The pressure exerted on the child by the family due to their tics may also cause the patient’s tics to increase.
Is every tic a Tourette syndrome?
Not all tics are Tourette syndrome. For a person with tics to be diagnosed with Tourette syndrome, the tics must have been present for more than a year and the tics must be found as complex.
What are the symptoms of Tourette syndrome?
Symptoms vary depending on the age of the person and the severity of the disease, and they are monitored mildly or severely. The most important symptoms of Tourette’s syndrome are tics.
Simple motor tics:
- Blinking and tilting,
- Nodding your head
- Eyebrow lift,
- Do not turn the head and neck,
- Blowing into the air,
- Handling and sniffing objects,
- Don’t stick out the tongue.
Simple vocal tics:
- Throat clearing,
What are the treatment methods in Tourette’s syndrome?
Indeterminate mild tics may resolve spontaneously over time and do not require treatment. However, if mild-moderate and moderate-severe tics negatively affect a person’s emotions and social life, they should be treated.
The treatment method is planned according to the age of the patient, clinical findings, the severity of the disease and the discomfort given to the patient. Behavioral and drug therapy are used in the treatment of Tourette syndrome.
Interventional treatments, psychological supports and various trainings are applied in the treatment of low severity tics that do not affect the daily and social life of the person much. In the treatment of tics caused by stress, it is aimed to reduce tics by using relaxation techniques. Having different hobbies and meditation also reduces the severity of Tourette’s syndrome.
Drug treatment is applied to patients who are insufficient in behavioral therapy. The most preferred medications are clonidine, guanfacine, clonazepam or other anxiety medications (especially if there is concomitant anxiety) and antipsychotics.
Deep brain stimulation (DBS), which is also used in the treatment of Parkinson’s, an obsessive-compulsive disorder, is also used in the treatment of Tourette syndrome. A plug-in electrode is used to alter the activity of the brain current. DBS is not applied to every patient with Tourette’s syndrome. Before the surgical procedure, the patient should be examined by a neurologist, psychiatrist and neurosurgeon and its suitability should be decided.