The short answer to the question of what is Ebola is a viral infection that can cause high fever, progress with internal and external bleeding and is life threatening. This disease is caused by a microorganism called ebola virus. The Ebola virus has been recognized worldwide since outbreaks in Central Africa in the mid-1970s. The cause of the disease is important because there is no effective drug or vaccine for its treatment and many cases result in death.
Ebola virus Features
causes a febrile illness that causes 50% to 90% of deaths, leading to life-threatening bleeding. This virus is an RNA virus from the family of filoviruses. About 260 people died from the disease during the first epidemic.
The origin of the Ebola virus is still uncertain. However, some monkey species are thought to be the main hosts for ebola. Fruit bats are believed to form the natural reservoir of the pathogen. One theory suggests that the virus is transmitted to monkeys, pigs, and some other animals that eat fruit leftovers from bats.
The virus is transmitted to humans by contact with animals’ blood and body fluids. It can be transmitted directly from animals to humans as well as from person to person as a result of contact with blood and body fluids. Viruses have been detected in all body fluids you can think of, such as urine, feces, vomit, tears, and breast milk. As they are in close contact with patients, an important risk group for infection consists of healthcare professionals.
Since there is no cure for the disease, prevention of contamination is essential in prevention. Therefore, sick animals should be quarantined as soon as possible. Dead animals’ bodies must be carefully destroyed. Meat of these animals, especially raw meat, should not be consumed.
5 different Ebola virus groups that cause disease have been identified. Three of these viral groups have caused major outbreaks in humans. Unlike many tropical infections, ebola virus infection has not been detected until now, through a mosquito bite.
Symptoms of Ebola disease
The time between the transmission of the virus and the appearance of symptoms varies between 2 and 21 days. Some of the important symptoms that can be seen are headache, widespread pain in the body, high fever, conjunctivitis in the eyes, bleeding, nausea and skin rashes. In addition, kidney and liver function disorders can be seen. There is a decrease in white blood cells and platelet count in the blood count. Even a few days after the onset of the disease, serious internal and external bleeding can occur, especially from the mucous membranes.
All these visible symptoms are not specific to ebola disease, but other serious infections also result in fever, bleeding and organ damage. This makes it difficult for doctors to make an accurate diagnosis at the beginning.
In the course of Ebola, insufficiencies develop in various organs of various frequencies. In addition, inflammation of the brain can occur and this worsens the prognosis. Serious cases are similar to septic shock and the mortality rate is high. The cause of death in the disease is usually heart failure.
Ebola disease treatment
So far, an effective treatment for ebola has not been found, so the mortality rate is still very high. Likewise, there are no standard treatment recommendations. Treatment with an antiviral drug may be considered, but unlike similar viral diseases, it is unlikely to be successful.
What is important for an ebola infection is that patients are under intensive care. Electrolyte and fluid support is important for successful treatment. A rapid organ replacement procedure such as dialysis should be initiated for kidney failure. Unfortunately, in countries where ebola has appeared (Central Africa), such medical interventions are often not possible.
Where is the Ebola virus?
The virus was first detected in outbreaks in Sudan and Congo in 1976 and got its name from a river in Congo. The natural source of the virus is thought to be fruit bats in Africa. The presence of viruses coincides with the geographic distribution of these bats.
How many people died of the Ebola virus?
It was determined that 236 of these individuals had Ebola virus. A total of 777 people have died in the outbreak since July 2018, 380 people carrying the virus have recovered. 19 Apr 2019
What is the virus in the human body?
Transmission. NiV is a zoonotic virus (a virus transmitted from animals to humans). In most people during the first outbreaks in Malaysia and Singapore, the infection was due to the direct contact of humans with sick pigs or their contaminated tissues.