Cuba Country Information
Cuba, an island country in the Caribbean, is an island state consisting of Isla de la Juventud and the island of Cuba and a large number of archipelago. Havana, the capital of Cuba, is also the largest city in the country. Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city.
With a total land area of 110 thousand 861 km², the highest point of Cuba is the Turquino peak with a height of 2 thousand 5 meters. With its neighbors from the Haiti, the Bahamas, Jamaica, the United States, Mexico and the Cayman Islands, Cuba is one of the most demanded destinations in tourism in recent years.
The average annual temperature in the country is 26 degrees. The country, where two seasons are seen throughout the year, has a semi-tropical climate. Visiting the country can be risky due to hurricanes in September-October.
The History of Cuba
The claim that Christopher Columbus made his claim on behalf of the Kingdom of Spain on the territory of Cuba, where he stepped in 1492, is considered as the turning point of Cuban history. Cuba, which was a part of Spain until the Spanish-American War that ended in 1898, gained its independence from the USA in 1902.
Cuba, which is one of the most crowded countries in the region with its population exceeding 11 million, is the country with the largest area in the Caribbean Region. It is also the most populous island state. Cuba Island is the 13th largest island on earth.It is believed that the first inhabitants of Cuba were Guanahatabey and Kiboni natives who came to the island from South America. The Spaniards established their first permanent settlement in Cuba in Cuba, which was declared as Spanish soil after October 1492, when Christopher Columbus stepped into Cuban lands.
Due to colonial activities, epidemics, migrations, hunger, the island’s indigenous population fell to 5 thousand. At the beginning of the 18th century, with the effect of peace and order, the island population exceeded 50 thousand.
Cuba, which has increased its strategic and economic importance with the start of regular ship services from Spain to Havana, has become a rapidly developing agricultural geography. The social and demographic structure in Cuba changed, with the Spanish who wanted to increase the production of tobacco and sugarcane, bringing many slaves for cheap labor from Africa.
After the slave trade, which ended in Cuba in 1865, there was a huge labor shortage in the country. The labor shortage filled with Mexicans and Chinese created a new change in population structure.
Cuba and Socialism
1. Cuba, the 17th largest island in the world, is the most populous island in the Caribbean with a population of 11 million.2. Did you know that Castro brothers, first Fidel and Raul, ruled the country from 1959 to 2018?3. There are 2 countries in the world where Coca-Cola cannot be officially bought or sold. One of them is Cuba and the other is North Korea.4. Cuba is the country with the highest number of doctors in the world. For this reason, most doctors are sent to other countries in need of medical assistance.5. The most popular sports baseball in Cuba. Because he was in the colony of America before.6. It is said that there is almost nowhere in Cuba.7. The average income of the average Cuban is $ 17-30 and monthly pensions are $ 9.5.
- There are classic modified vehicles in the world, especially famous in Cuba. They form a culture of the country.